How to Propagate Succulents From Leaves

Propagating succulents from leaves is an easy and rewarding way to expand your succulent collection. With a little know-how, you can grow multiple new plants from just one leaf. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to propagate succulents from leaves.

Gather Your Supplies

To propagate succulents from leaves, you will need:

  • Fresh, healthy leaves from your succulents. Choose leaves that are plump and firm, not shriveled.
  • A shallow container with drainage holes, like a tray or pot. Terra cotta or plastic work well.
  • A well-draining potting mix, like cactus/succulent soil mix.
  • Rooting hormone (optional). This contains compounds that encourage root formation.
  • Spray bottle filled with water.

Prepare the Leaves

Before planting, prepare the leaves:

  • Carefully twist or pull leaves off of the succulent plant. Try to keep the base of the leaf intact. Damaged leaves may rot.
  • Allow leaves to dry out for a few days. This callusing reduces the chance of rot.
  • Optional: Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. Tap off any excess.

Plant the Leaves

Once leaves are prepped, it’s time to plant:

  • Fill your container with potting mix, moistening lightly. The soil should be dry to the touch.
  • Nestle leaves in the soil, laying them flat or at an angle. Bury the lower portion of leaves.
  • Space leaves 1-2 inches apart. Don’t overcrowd.
  • Lightly water the soil. Keep it barely moist, not soggy.

Care For the Leaves

To encourage propagation success:

  • Place container in bright, indirect light. Some leaves may turn red or pink from sun stress – this is normal.
  • Maintain warm temperatures around 70-80°F. Avoid cold drafts.
  • Let the soil dry out between waterings. Too much moisture can lead to rot.
  • Leaves may shrivel or drop off – this is part of the process. Focus energy on the surviving leaves.

Transplant the Rosettes

After several weeks, small plantlets will begin forming at the base of leaves. When plantlets have developed roots and a rosette of leaves, transplant into a pot:

  • Gently dig up the new plantlet with roots intact.
  • Plant in a small pot with drainage holes, burying the base.
  • Use well-draining cactus/succulent soil.
  • Keep soil dry for a week to encourage root growth. Then begin normal watering.
  • Gradually introduce to more sun over a week or two to harden off.

Enjoy your new propagated succulents! With this simple process, a single leaf can produce multiple new plants.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take for succulent leaves to propagate?

It usually takes 2-3 weeks for plantlets to form at the base of leaves. Full root development and plant establishment may take 6-8 weeks. Be patient, as propagation times vary.

What causes succulent leaf propagation to fail?

Overwatering is the most common cause of failure. Soggy soil leads to rotting. Other factors like cold temps, weak leaves, and pests can also prevent propagation success.

Can all succulent leaves be propagated?

Most succulents can be propagated from leaves, but some species propagate more readily than others. Echeverias, graptopetalums, pachyphytums, and sedums are particularly easy.

Do the leaves need sunlight to propagate?

Yes. While bright light isn’t essential at first, leaves need sun exposure to photosynthesize and produce plantlets. Provide at least a few hours of sun.

How can I get multiple plants from one leaf?

With the right conditions, a single leaf can yield multiple rosettes along its cut edge. Increase chances by selecting vigorous leaves and maintaining ideal propagation conditions.


Propagating succulents from leaves is a simple, rewarding way to expand your collection. With minimal equipment and care, new plants can grow from just a leaf. Follow these steps for propagation success. Patience and attentive care will ensure your new plants get off to a healthy start. The variety of succulents that can be propagated from leaves means you’ll soon have fresh plants to enjoy or share.