How to Propagate String of Pearls in Four Easy Steps

The string of pearls plant, also known as Senecio rowleyanus, is an easy-to-grow succulent that is highly sought after for its unique, spherical foliage. Propagating string of pearls from an existing plant is a simple way to get more of these intriguing trailing succulents for your home or garden. With just a few basic supplies and careful attention, you can have new string of pearls plants ready for planting in no time.

Select a Healthy String of Pearls Plant

When choosing a string of pearls plant to propagate from, select one that is healthy and thriving. Look for long, robust strands covered in plump, round leaves. Avoid plants with signs of disease, insects, or other damage. Select strands to propagate that are at least 4 inches long so they have enough stored energy to readily root.

Take Pearls Plant Cuttings

Use sterilized, sharp garden shears or a knife to carefully cut 4-6 inch strands from the mother plant. Be sure to make clean cuts rather than tearing or pulling off strands. Remove any flowers or tiny aerial roots from each cutting. Allow cuttings to dry out for 2-3 days before proceeding so the cut ends callous over.

Prepare the Soil Mix

String of pearls cuttings root best in a fast-draining, sandy soil mix. Combine equal parts of coarse sand or perlite and potting mix formulated for cacti and succulents. Moisten the soil so it is damp but not soggy wet. Fill small pots with drainage holes one-third full with the soil mix.

Plant and Root the String of Pearls Cuttings

Carefully plant each cutting in the potting mix, pressing the cut end gently into the soil. Leave 1-2 inches of the strands exposed above the soil. Place the pots in a warm area with plenty of bright, indirect light. Avoid direct hot sun which can scorch tender new roots.

Mist the soil lightly every 2-3 days to keep it slightly moist. Rooting time varies by season, but generally takes 2-6 weeks. Tug very gently on cuttings after 2 weeks; if you meet resistance, roots have formed. When well rooted, transition plants to average indoor or outdoor conditions.

Caring for New String of Pearls Plants

Once rooted and established, string of pearls needs minimal care to thrive. Allow the soil to dry between waterings, then soak thoroughly. Provide plenty of sunlight. Feed monthly in spring and summer with a dilute balanced fertilizer. Repot when pots become crowded with roots, using sandy soil and terra cotta pots with drainage holes. Propagate often to expand your collection of this unique succulent.

With the proper soil, bright light, and attentive care while rooting, propagating string of pearls from cuttings is an easy way get more of these intriguing trailing succulents. In no time you’ll have long strands of spherical foliage cascading beautifully in your indoor and outdoor spaces. Follow these simple tips for propagating success.

Frequently Asked Questions About Propagating String of Pearls

How long does it take for string of pearls cuttings to root?

String of pearls cuttings typically take 2-6 weeks to root. Factors like season, temperature, and humidity can affect rooting times. Provide warm conditions and humidity to speed up the process.

What is the best soil mix for rooting string of pearls?

A fast-draining cactus/succulent potting mix with added perlite or coarse sand is ideal. The mix should hold some moisture but drain well to prevent rotting.

How much water do string of pearl cuttings need?

Until well rooted, mist cuttings every 2-3 days to keep soil slightly moist. Avoid overwatering before roots establish to prevent rot. Once rooted, let soil dry out some between waterings.

How much light do string of pearls cuttings require?

Bright, indirect light is essential. No direct sun until cuttings are established, as it can burn tender new growth. South or west facing windows are ideal indoor rooting spots.

When can I transplant rooted string of pearls cuttings?

Once cuttings show vigorous growth and resist gentle tugging, the new root system is ready for transplanting. Move them into a sandy succulent mix in containers with drainage.

How do I get my string of pearls plant to grow longer?

Give it plenty of sun, don’t overwater, use a fast-draining soil, and fertilize in the growing season. Trimming off stem tips can encourage branching and fuller growth. Propagate to gain length.


Propagating your string of pearls plant is an easy, rewarding way to expand your collection of these trailing succulent beauties. Follow the simple steps of taking cuttings, rooting in proper soil and light, and giving attentive care while new roots establish. In no time, you’ll have long strands of plump pearls ready to cascade in your indoor and outdoor living spaces. With the right conditions and occasional propagation, you’ll enjoy their unique spherical foliage for years to come.