How to Propagate Fiddle Leaf Fig, 3 Ways

Propagating a fiddle leaf fig can seem daunting, but with a few simple techniques, you can get new plants growing in no time. Here are 3 effective ways to propagate your fiddle leaf fig and expand your plant collection.

Taking Cuttings from the Plant

Taking cuttings from a healthy, mature fiddle leaf fig plant is one of the easiest ways to get new plants growing. Here’s how to do it:

  • Select a healthy stem that is at least a few inches long. Use sterile scissors or pruning shears to cut the stem right below a leaf node.
  • Remove all but the top 2 leaves from the cutting to reduce transpiration. Dip the end of the cutting in rooting hormone powder to encourage root growth.
  • Plant the cutting in a small pot filled with well-draining potting mix. Cover the pot with a plastic bag to create a greenhouse environment.
  • Place the potted cutting in bright, indirect light and keep the soil moist but not soaked. Roots and new growth should emerge in 4-6 weeks. Gradually acclimate the plant to normal humidity levels.
  • Once the cutting is well-rooted and putting out new growth, transplant it into a regular potting mix in a pot one size larger. Your new fiddle leaf fig plant is ready to enjoy!

Taking stem cuttings is a simple, reliable way to get identical new fiddle leaf fig plants. With a high success rate, it’s a great method for propagators of all skill levels.

Air Layering a Branch

Air layering, also called air propagation, is another easy route to propagate fiddle leaf figs. Here are the steps:

  • Select a healthy branch that is at least pencil-width. Use a sharp knife to remove a 1-2 inch ring of bark about 2 inches from the tip.
  • Wrap the stripped section with sphagnum moss or coco coir, securing it with plastic wrap. Mist the moss to keep it evenly moist.
  • After 4-6 weeks, roots should have formed in the moss near the cut. Use pruning shears to cut below the roots, separating the new plant.
  • Pot up the newly rooted plant in its own container using regular potting mix. Keep it hydrated while the roots establish. Soon your air layering success will be ready to grow!

Air layering has a high success rate, produces vigorous roots, and creates an exact genetic duplicate of the parent plant. It’s also fun to watch the rooting process happen right before your eyes.

Propagating from Leaf Cuttings

Though less common, propagating fiddle leaf figs from just a single leaf is possible. Here’s how:

  • Select a large, healthy leaf. Sterilize scissors or a knife and use them to cut the leaf with about 2 inches of stem attached.
  • Place the leaf stem-side down in a cup of clean water. Change the water every few days to prevent rot. Roots will begin emerging from the stem within a few weeks.
  • As soon as a robust root system develops, pot up the new plant in a rich potting mix. Keep the soil consistently moist while the plant establishes.
  • Once growth resumes, move the plant into bright light. Pinch off the original leaf once several new leaves unfurl.

This method takes patience, but watching an entire plant emerge from a single leaf is incredible. With the right care, these leaf cuttings can grow into full-sized, lush fiddle leaf figs.

Caring for Propagated Fiddle Leaf Figs

To ensure your new propagated fiddle leaf figs thrive, provide the following care:

  • Bright, indirect light. Some morning sun is tolerated.
  • Warm temperatures between 65-80°F.
  • High humidity. Mist leaves and provide plenty of air circulation.
  • Infrequent but deep watering. Allow soil to partly dry out between waterings.
  • Well-draining potting mix. Amend soil with perlite to prevent compaction.
  • Occasional fertilizing during the growing season. Use a balanced houseplant fertilizer.

With the right conditions, propagated fiddle leaf figs will establish quickly and grow into magnificent statement plants like their parent. Enjoy multiplying your plant collection!

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do fiddle leaf fig cuttings take to root?

Fiddle leaf fig cuttings usually take 4-6 weeks to develop a robust root system when propagated in ideal conditions. Have patience as they root. Avoid disturbing or repotting them too soon.

Should I use rooting hormone on fiddle leaf fig cuttings?

Rooting hormone is optional but can quicken root growth and improve success rates. Dip the cut end of stems in the powder before potting up.

What do I do if my fiddle leaf fig cuttings rot?

Rotting is usually caused by overwatering or overly dense, moisture-retaining soil. Try taking fresh cuttings and propagating in an airier potting mix. Allow more time between waterings.

How big of a cutting should I take from a fiddle leaf fig?

Cuttings that are 4-6 inches long with a few leaves attached tend to propagate the best. Select healthy stems that are at least pencil-width for the highest success rates.

Can I propagate a fiddle leaf fig from just a single leaf?

Yes, it is possible to root a fiddle leaf fig from just a leaf cutting. Submerge the stem end in water and wait for roots to form before potting it up in soil. This method takes patience but can be done.

Final Thoughts

Propagating fiddle leaf figs is a fun, rewarding way to expand your plant collection for free. Cuttings, air layering, and even leaf cuttings can all result in beautiful, full-sized plants with the proper care. Give these simple propagation methods a try and enjoy your homegrown fiddle leaf figs!

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