How to Flatten an Uneven Garage Floor

Having an uneven garage floor can be a real nuisance. It can make parking your vehicles, storing items, and just moving around your garage frustrating and even dangerous. Thankfully, there are several effective methods to help flatten and level out an uneven garage floor.

Assessing the Uneven Garage Floor

Before taking action to flatten your uneven garage floor, it’s important to fully assess the current state of the floor. This will help you understand what is causing the unevenness, how severe it is, and then determine the best approach.

Here are some tips for evaluating an uneven garage floor:

  • Clear out any items or vehicles so you have a clean surface to inspect. Sweep and clean the concrete as best you can.
  • Look for major cracks, pits, holes, and raised sections. Pay attention to the edges and corners where unevenness often occurs.
  • Use a long straight 2×4 board and lay it on the floor in different spots. See if you can rock it back and forth to find high and low spots.
  • For a more precise test, use a 4-foot level and place it around the perimeter of the floor and in a grid pattern over the central area. Note any spots where the level shows a gap under it indicating an uneven area.
  • Check if certain areas near the walls or garage door are higher or lower. Settlement issues often happen along the perimeter.
  • Flush out any debris from cracks and fill with concrete epoxy filler to get a better baseline reading.

Once you’ve mapped out the uneven areas, estimate how much they deviate from the proper flat plane. Areas that are less than 1/4 inch difference are considered minor, while 3/4 inch or more is severe. This will help determine what fixing methods to use.

Cleaning and Prepping the Concrete Floor

Before taking corrective measures, it’s wise to clean and prep the garage floor first. Here are some tips:

  • Sweep away dirt, dust and debris using a stiff broom. Hose wash if needed.
  • Use a concrete degreaser to clean any oil stains or residue left by vehicles.
  • Etch the concrete with muriatic acid solution to open pores and create a rougher surface profile for the leveling products to adhere properly.
  • Check for powdery areas and patch with concrete resurfacer.
  • Seal any major cracks greater than 1/4 inch with concrete epoxy filler per manufacturer’s recommendations.

Prepping the floor well before flattening will help the fixing solutions bond optimally and achieve longer lasting results.

Grinding Down High Spots

One option for leveling is to mechanically grind down the high spots using special equipment. Here’s how the process works:

Tools Needed

  • Floor grinder with coarse diamond abrasive pads
  • Shop vac or dust extractor
  • Safety goggles, ear protection, mask
  • Knee pads

Step-by-Step Grinding Process

  • Clear garage and cover any nearby walls/items from dust.
  • Suit up with safety gear to protect from flying debris.
  • Run shop vac hose to grinding head to contain dust.
  • Start grinding in smooth parallel passes across high areas applying moderate downward pressure.
  • Make several passes back and forth until the floor slab is smoothed out.
  • Vacuum up all concrete dust thoroughly when done.
  • Check floor flatness with level and repeat grinding if needed.

Grinding can effectively shave off enough concrete to flatten the floor, but don’t remove more than 1/8 inch depth. This method works best for minor unevenness of under 1/4 inch.

Filling Low Areas with Topping Mix

For dips and depressions you can use a cement-based topping mix to fill in the gaps and level things out. Here’s how:


  • Fast-setting concrete patch mix or leveling compound
  • Concrete trowel
  • Mixing bucket, drill and paddle
  • Smoothing trowel

Step-by-Step Patching Process

  • Clean and prep the low areas per above.
  • Mix leveling compound per manufacturer’s directions.
  • Dampen the low concrete spots with water before applying leveling mix.
  • Fill and overfill the low areas up to surrounding grade.
  • Screed off excess topping mix with straight concrete trowel.
  • Allow to cure per product instructions.
  • Sand or grind down any high patches flush with surrounding floor.

This patching technique is good for low spots under 1 inch deep. Be sure to prime first for best adhesion. Allow proper cure time before driving on repair.

Using Self-Leveling Underlayment

For more extensive unevenness, a flooding type self-leveling underlayment is ideal. It can fill dips up to 1 1/2 inches deep in a single pour.


  • Self-leveling underlayment mix (latex or hydraulic cement-based)
  • Mixing bucket, drill and paddle
  • Spiked concrete shoes
  • Smoothing trowel
  • Paint roller and handle

Step-by-Step Underlayment Process

  • Clean and prep floor including etching with muriatic acid.
  • Prime any bare or porous concrete following manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Pour, spread and roller the underlayment over all low areas. Spread evenly just past the depth needed as it will settle a bit.
  • Use spiked shoes to walk on the wet mix and smooth out any ridges or puddles.
  • Allow to fully cure based on product used before stepping on floor.

Go with a high-quality polymer-modified underlayment for best strength. They spread smoothly and are more resistant to cracking.

Replacing Sunken Concrete Slabs

In cases of severe settling or major cracks, the best option is to replace the sunken section of concrete floor entirely. Here is a summary of the process:


  • Circular saw with concrete blade
  • Sledgehammer
  • Concrete mix
  • Form boards
  • Tamping tool
  • Finishing trowel

Step-by-Step Slab Replacement

  • Outline the slab section to be removed and cut out with circular saw set to 1” depth.
  • Break apart and remove the old slab with sledgehammer.
  • Dig out 6-8” of soil beneath hole and fill with compactible gravel for new slab base.
  • Build form boards around hole to hold new concrete pour.
  • Pour in fresh concrete and tamp down to consolidate mix.
  • Screed off excess concrete above form boards.
  • Allow 3-4 days to fully cure before driving on new slab.

This approach provides long-lasting results but requires more labor and new concrete. Hire a concrete contractor for best results.

Using Self-Leveling Concrete Resurfacer

A good compromise between grinding and underlayments is using a self-leveling concrete resurfacer product. Here’s how it works:


  • Concrete resurfacer mix (latex or hydraulic versions available)
  • Drill and paddle mixer
  • Smoothing trowel
  • Paint roller

Step-by-Step Resurfacer Application

  • Clean and etch concrete floor as prepped above.
  • Repair any major cracks or spalls with patch mix for smoothest results.
  • Mix resurfacer to a fluid state per manufacturer’s directions.
  • Pour out and spread with roller over uneven areas at about 1/8” thickness.
  • Use trowel to smooth out any ridges or high spots that develop as it begins to set.
  • Allow to fully cure based on product used before driving on floor.

The best resurfacers contain polymers or latex for increased durability compared to basic cement versions. Apply a primer coat first for optimal bonding.

Tips for Smoothing and Finishing Concrete

Once the floor flatness is improved, here are some tips to get a nice smoothed finish:

  • Always follow manufacturer’s instructions for application and cure times.
  • Gently sweep over surface with trowel using rounded motions to blend in edges.
  • Keep trowel lubricated with water to prevent sticking.
  • Don’t overtrowel the surface which can create surface crazing.
  • Use a concrete edger tool along perimeter to contour a slight radius for a finished look.
  • Allow proper cure time before driving vehicles onto freshly flattened floor.

A smooth flat concrete floor provides a strong base for garage floor coatings, paints or epoxy finishes if desired.


Below are answers to some frequently asked questions about fixing uneven garage floors:

How much does it cost to flatten an uneven garage floor?

Costs range quite a bit based on size of floor and method used, but expect to pay $3-$8 per square foot on average. DIY kits can be under $3 per square foot.

What are some signs of an uneven garage floor?

Major signs include cracking, pitting, curled edges, rocking vehicles, inability to open doors, and tripping hazards. Placing boards or a level across the slab will identify high and low spots.

What is the easiest way to level a concrete garage floor?

For minor unevenness under 1/2 inch, resurfacing products like polymer-modified underlayments provide an easy DIY solution, requiring just basic mixing and pouring.

What is the longest lasting solution?

Cutting out and replacing sunken slab sections provides the most durable and permanent fix. But grinding, underlayments and resurfacers can also last for many years when properly installed.

Should I prime the floor before leveling?

Yes, primers boost adhesion and prevent bonding issues. They ensure the patching, underlayment or resurfacer bonds tightly to the existing concrete.

Can I apply a finish coating after leveling concrete?

Absolutely. Flattened concrete provides the ideal smooth and durable surface for garage floor paints, epoxies, stains, sealants and other protective finishes.


Fixing an uneven garage floor provides huge benefits beyond just aesthetics. It eliminates tripping hazards, makes the space easier to use, and boosts property value. With the right combination of cleaning, prepping, priming and using the proper leveling methods, you can successfully flatten and smooth out that troublesome uneven concrete slab. Just be sure to assess the current floor condition, match the right solution to the severity of unevenness, and prep the floor properly before applying patching compounds, underlayments or resurfacers. Pay attention to manufacturer’s instructions for best results. With some perseverance and elbow grease, you can transform that uneven garage floor into a nice smooth surface.

How to Add Value to Your Home Before Selling

Selling a home can be stressful, but taking steps to add value to your property before listing it can make the process smoother and help you get top dollar. There are several smart improvements and upgrades you can make to bump up your home’s appeal to potential buyers. Here are some of the best ways to enhance your home’s value before putting it on the market.

Curb Appeal

Your home’s exterior and landscaping are the first things a buyer notices when they pull up. Ensure you make a stellar first impression by taking these curb appeal steps:

  • Refresh exterior paint or siding if needed. Stick to popular neutral colors.
  • Clean up the yard – trim bushes, plant flowers, and lay fresh mulch.
  • Repair walkways, railings, and exterior lighting.
  • Add exterior accents like shutters, potted plants or a welcome mat.
  • Power wash vinyl siding, clean gutters, and sweep porches/decks.

Little enhancements like these can visually “freshen up” the property and get buyers excited.

Update Kitchen and Bathrooms

The kitchen and bathrooms are selling points, so updating them adds significant value. Smart upgrades include:


  • New modern sink, faucet and cabinet hardware
  • Paint or re-stain cabinetry
  • Replace outdated light fixtures
  • Install new backsplash
  • Refinish countertops


  • Replace showerheads, faucets, towel racks
  • Paint vanity and cabinets
  • New mirrors and lighting
  • Re-caulk tubs, showers, sinks

These mini-makeovers provide a contemporary facelift without breaking the budget.

Enhance Curb Appeal

Little fixes to flooring, doors, walls and trim can freshen up living spaces. Easy ways to modernize include:

  • Paint interior walls in light neutral colors
  • Restain or refinish hardwood flooring
  • Update lighting fixtures
  • Replace exterior doors and hardware
  • Install new baseboards and window trim
  • Patch holes, cracks and touch up ceilings

These fixes create a light, bright, and move-in ready feel buyers love.

Increase Energy Efficiency

Buyers want a home that’s efficient and cost effective. Efficiency upgrades that add value include:

  • Seal air leaks around windows and doors
  • Add extra insulation in attics and crawl spaces
  • Install programmable thermostat
  • Upgrade to double pane windows
  • Replace old appliances with Energy Star models
  • Switch to LED lighting

Promoting the energy savings appeals to buyers’ practical side.

Declutter and Clean

An excess of furnishings or clutter detracts from a home’s square footage. Thoroughly decluttering makes rooms look larger and feels inviting.

  • Hold a garage sale to clear out excess furniture and items
  • Organize closets and remove off-season clothing
  • Clean out and organize basement, attic, and all storage areas
  • Vacuum carpet and floors, dust furniture, and sanitize bathrooms

A clean, spacious feel allows buyers to better picture the property as their future home.

Consult a Real Estate Agent

For the best results, partner with an experienced local real estate agent. They can assess your home and point out the most valuable updates and repairs to focus your efforts and budget. Their expertise pays dividends when preparing your property to sell.

Making strategic upgrades and improving your home’s visual appeal before listing it can yield big dividends. By showcasing your property in its best possible light, you’ll attract more buyer interest and be able to negotiate the optimal final sale price. The investment in time and money you make prior to listing your home will come back to you manifold once you go to sell.

How to Train a New Puppy

Bringing home an adorable new puppy is incredibly exciting. But before you get carried away with cuddling and playing with your new furry friend, it’s important to immediately establish good behavior patterns through proper training. Here is a guide to the essential techniques for successfully training a new puppy.

Start Training Early

You can begin gentle training with your puppy as young as 7 weeks old. The most impressionable window for puppies is between 7 weeks and 4 months old. Positive experiences during this time will build a foundation for a lifetime of good habits.

Establish a Routine

Puppies thrive on structure and consistency. Develop a daily routine for feeding, potty breaks, training times, play periods, and walks. Keeping a regular schedule for these activities helps the puppy learn and become accustomed to their new home.

Crate Training

Crate training utilizes a puppy’s natural instincts to create a space of their own. It also helps with potty training and prevents chewed household items. Introduce the crate slowly and make it comfortable with a bed and toys.

Potty Training Fundamentals

  • Take outside frequently, about every 30-60 minutes for young puppies
  • Praise and treat immediately after they “go” in the right spot
  • Avoid yelling or punishment for indoor accidents
  • Learn signals for when they need to go
  • Transition to a consistent schedule for breaks as they age

Consistency is key for potty training success.

Use Positive Reinforcement

Reward good behavior lavishly with praise, treats, and affection. This positive reinforcement training motivates pups to repeat desirable actions. Avoid punishment or yelling which can frighten puppies and backfire.

Focus on Socialization

Safely expose the puppy to new environments, people, and other animals in a positive way. This helps them become well-adjusted canine citizens. Prioritize socialization in the first 3-4 months.

Teach Basic Cues Early

Start with essential cues like:

  • Come – Call puppy to come back to you
  • Sit – Have pup sit and stay before giving treats
  • Leave it – Ignore undesirable or dangerous objects
  • Down – Lay down calmly on command
  • Heel – Walk closely by your side focused on you

Reinforce cues with rewards to ingrain these good habits early. Keep initial training sessions short and upbeat.

Be Patient and Consistent

Like kids, puppies have short attention spans. Keep lessons short, focus on one cue at a time, and be patient when repeating. Consistency from the whole family is crucial so the puppy understands what’s expected.

The first few weeks are all about building a foundation through socialization, routine and positive experiences. Starting your puppy off on the right paw with early training sets you both up for an amazing life together. Consistency, praise and patience are the keys to success.

How to Grow Strawberries

Strawberries are a wonderfully sweet, juicy fruit that can be grown right in your own backyard. With some simple preparation and care, you can successfully grow strawberries and enjoy delicious home-grown berries all season long. Here is a comprehensive guide with helpful tips for planting, growing and harvesting strawberries in your garden.

Selecting Strawberry Plants

There are three main types of strawberries to choose from:

  • June-bearing – Produce one large crop of berries in early summer. Most common variety.
  • Ever-bearing – Produce two crops per year, one in early summer and another in late summer.
  • Day-neutral – Produce berries throughout the growing season into fall. Ide